Time Frame: 1869-1896
Objectives: At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the political corruption of the Grant administration and the mostly unsuccessful efforts to reform politics in the Gilded Age.
- Describe the economic crisis of the 1870s, and explain the growing conflict between hard-money and soft-money advocates.
- Explain the intense political partisanship of the Gilded Age, despite the parties’ lack of ideological difference and poor quality of political leadership.
- Indicate how the disputed Hayes-Tilden election of 1876 led to the Compromise of 1877 and the end of Reconstruction.
- Describe how the end of Reconstruction led to the loss of black rights and the imposition of the Jim Crow system of segregation in the South.
- Explain the rise of class conflict between business and labor in the 1870s and the growing hostility to immigrants, especially the Chinese.
- Explain the economic crisis and depression of the 1890s, and indicate how the Cleveland administration failed to address it.
- Show how the farm crisis of the depression of the 1890s stirred growing social protests and class conflict, and fueled the rise of the radical Populist Party.
- Listen to a summary of Chapter 23