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CH22 – The Ordeal of Reconstruction

Time Frame: 1865-1877

Objectives: At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Define the major problems facing the nation and the South after the Civil War.
  • Describe the responses of both whites and African Americans to the end of slavery.
  • Analyze the differences between the presidential and congressional approaches to Reconstruction.
  • Explain how the blunders of President Johnson and the resistance of the white South opened the door to the Republicans’ radical Reconstruction.
  • Describe the intentions and the actual effects of radical Reconstruction in the South.
  • Indicate how militant southern white opposition and growing northern weariness with military Reconstruction gradually undermined Republican attempt to empower Southern blacks.
  • Explain why the radical Republicans impeached Johnson but failed to convict him.
  • Explain the legacy of Reconstruction, and assess its successes and failures.
  • [wpaudio url=”″ text=”Listen to a summary of Chapter 22″ dl=”0″]



  • The Valley of the Shadow
    This UVA website focuses on a Northern Community and a Southern Community during the Civil War and Reconstruction. Includes excellent primary sources.

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