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CH24 – Industry Comes of Age

Time Frame: 1865-1900

Objectives: At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explain how the transcontinental railroad network provided the basis for an integrated national market and the great post–Civil War industrial transformation.
  • Identify the abuses in the railroad industry and discuss how these led to the first efforts at industrial regulation by the federal government.
  • Describe how the economy came to be dominated by giant trusts, such as those headed by Carnegie and Rockefeller in the steel and oil industries, and the growing class conflict it precipitated.
  • Describe how new technological inventions fueled new industries and why American manufacturers increasingly turned toward the mass production of standardized goods.
  • Indicate how industrialists and their intellectual and religious supporters attempted to explain and justify great wealth, and increasing class division through natural law and the Gospel of Wealth.
  • Explain why the South was generally excluded from American industrial development and remained in a Third World economic subservience to the North.
  • Analyze the social changes brought by industrialization, particularly the altered position of working men and women.
  • Explain the failures of the Knights of Labor and the modest success of the American Federation of Labor.
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  • Independent Study Project