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CH25 – America Moves to the City

Time Frame: 1865-1900

Objectives: At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe the rise of the American industrial city, and place it in the context of worldwide trends of urbanization and mass migration (the European diaspora).
  • Describe the New Immigration, and explain how it differed from the Old Immigration and why it aroused opposition from many native-born Americans.
  • Discuss the efforts of social reformers and churches to aid the New Immigrants and alleviate urban problems, and the immigrants’ own efforts to sustain their traditions while assimilating to mainstream America.
  • Analyze the changes in American religious life in the late nineteenth century, including the expansion of Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Judaism, and the growing Protestant division between liberals and fundamentalists over Darwinism and biblical criticism.
  • Explain the changes in American education and intellectual life, including the debate between DuBois and Washington over the goals of African American education.
  • Describe the literary and cultural life of the period, including the widespread trend towards realism in art and literature, and the city beautiful movement led by urban planners.
  • Explain the growing national debates about morality in the late nineteenth century, particularly in relation to the changing roles of women and the family.
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