CH21 – The Furnace of Civil War
Time Frame: 1861-1865
Objectives: At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the consequences for both sides of the North’s defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
- Outline Union’s original military strategy and how Lincoln was forced to adjust it during the course of the War.
- Explain the critical importance of the failed Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam in changing the Civil War from a limited war for the Union into a total war against slavery.
- Describe the role that African Americans played during the war.
- Explain why the battles of Gettysburg in the East and Vicksburg in the West decisively turned the tide toward Union victory and Confederate defeat.
- Describe the politics of the War in both North and South, and the end of the South’s hope for winning independence through a defeat of Lincoln in the election of 1864.
- Describe the end of the war and list its final consequences.
- [wpaudio url=”http://college.cengage.com/history/us/kennedy/am_pageant/14e/assets/students/audio/kennedy_ch21.mp3″ text=”Listen to a summary of Chapter 21″ dl=”0″]